A radioisotope that emits an alpha particle when it decays.
A positively charged particle containing two protons and two neutrons which is emitted by certain radioisotopes.
The smallest quantity of an element that can take part in a chemical reaction. Atoms are made up of a nucleus containing protons and neutrons, which is surrounded by clouds of electrons.
Low level radiation from small amounts of radioisotopes in the surrounding soil, water, atmosphere, buildings, and so forth.
The international standard unit of measurement of radioactivity, defined as one radioactive disintegration per second.
A radioisotope that emits a beta particle when it decays.
An electron or positron emitted by the nucleus of a radionuclide during radioactive decay.
Radiation that reaches the Earth from outer space.
The product of the spontaneous radioactive decay of a nuclide.
The emplacement of waste in an approved, specified facility without the intention of retrieval.
A feature made or altered by humans that delays or prevents radionuclide migration from the waste or the disposal structure into its surroundings. It may be part of the waste package or part of the disposal structure.
A radioisotope that emits gamma rays when it decays.
High energy radiation similar to X-rays.
Subjection to ionising radiation.
One of two or more forms of a chemical element having the same number of protons but a different number of neutrons. All isotopes of the same element have the same chemical properties, and therefore cannot be separated by chemical means.
One thousand watts. A watt is the international standard unit of measurement of power, equal to one joule per second.
Disposal of waste, with or without engineered barriers, on or below the ground surface, where the final protective covering is of the order of a few metres thick, or in caverns a few tens of metres below the Earth's surface.
An atom of a particular element distinguished by the number of protons and neutrons in its nucleus.
Material that contains or is contaminated with radionuclides at concentrations or activities greater than clearance levels as established by the regulatory body, and for which no use is foreseen.
Release of energy through the decay of unstable atoms.
Production of images through use of radioactive materials, used in medicine, industry, etc.
Any isotope which is unstable and undergoes natural radioactive decay.
Any nuclide which is unstable and undergoes natural radioactive decay.
A therapeutic drug that contains radioactive material.
The international standard unit of measurement of effective dose, dose being the amount of energy delivered to a mass of material by ionising radiation passing through it. The average person receives a dose of approximately 1.5 milliSieverts of background radiation each year. For more information on radiation doses, see Related documents.
Storage of radioactive materials such that isolation, monitoring, environmental protection and human control are provided, and subsequent action involving treatment, transport and disposal is expected.